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10 Incredible Plant Facts You Didnít Know

1. The earth has more than 80,000 species of edible plants.

If you’re ever in the mood to try something new, the good news is that there is certainly food you haven’t tasted yet still growing somewhere in the world.

2. 90 percent of the foods humans eat come from just 30 plants.

Out of tens of thousands of plants we could eat, mankind chooses to consume only about 30 of them. It’s crazy to contemplate how limited our diets are compared to all of the different foods we could be eating. If you think the selection of which plants we eat has anything to do with their nutritional benefits, however, you’d be wrong …

3. Nutrition doesn’t factor into the crops we do mass produce.

The world’s largest farmers have pursued certain crops because they can grow a lot of them more quickly, easily and inexpensively to turn a better profit. As a result, most of the most healthful plants stay off of our dinner plates because they aren’t available at grocery stores. Still, sustenance isn’t the only thing humans rely on plants for …

4. 70,000 plant species are utilized for medicine.

As it turns out, humans are more diversified in the plants we use for medicine. Although a large portion of that figure applies to traditional medicine, modern medicine is not excepted from plant help. Half of the drugs prescribed in the U.S. have plant origins, many coming out of the rainforest, yet …

5. Only one percent of rainforest plants have been studied for medicinal potential.

Given how valuable plants can be medicinally, the rainforest houses a host of possible cures for ailments new and old. This untapped resource could still hold the key to medical breakthroughs.

6. 80 percent of the Earth’s original forests have been cleared or destroyed.

The same forests that dominated the land 8,000 years ago are all but gone. Approximately four-fifths of the forests are gone thanks to human intervention—just think of how many plant species may have been lost in that process. If you thought protections were in place, actually …

7. Just 10 percent of the world’s plant-rich areas are protected.

Of the most biodiverse areas on the planet, only 10 percent are officially “protected” to ensure the survival of a multitude of species—plant and animal alike. Worse still, many of the supposedly protected areas are done so nominally only, leaving plants threatened by external factors they should be safeguarded from. This is especially problematic because …

8. More than half of plant species are native to just one country.

Chances are, a plant you find in one part of the world is not currently growing anywhere else. As plant habitat is ruined, there’s little point in hoping that the killed plants could be found and harvested somewhere else in the future. For this reason …

9. 68 percent of plants are in danger of going extinct.

While scientists have only examined a fraction of the existing known plant species, of those that have been studied, 68 percent face extinction in the not too distant future. Since plants can’t just up and move as their habitat is being destroyed, they are even more vulnerable than endangered animals. It’s happening quickly, too, since …

10. Plant species are going extinct—about 5,000 times faster than they should.



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Amazing Facts About Penguins

Penguins seem a bit out of place on land, with their stand-out black jackets and clumsy waddling. But once you see their grace in the water, you know that’s where they’re meant to be–they are well-adapted to life in the ocean.

1. Depending on which scientist you ask, there are 17–20 species of penguins alive today, all of which live in the southern half of the globe. The most northerly penguins are Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus), which occasionally poke their heads north of the equator.

2. While they can’t fly through the air with their flippers, many penguin species take to the air when they leap from the water onto the ice. Just before taking flight, they release air bubbles from their feathers. This cuts the drag on their bodies, allowing them to double or triple their swimming speed quickly and launch into the air.

3. Most penguins swim underwater at around four to seven miles per hour (mph), but the fastest penguin—the gentoo (Pygoscelis papua)—can reach top speeds of 22 mph!

4. Penguins don’t wear tuxedos to make a fashion statement: it helps them be camouflaged while swimming. From above, their black backs blend into the dark ocean water and, from below, their white bellies match the bright surface lit by sunlight. This helps them avoid predators, such as leopard seals, and hunt for fish unseen.

5. The earliest known penguin fossil was found in 61.6 million-year old Antarctic rock, about 4-5 million years after the mass extinction that killed the dinosaurs. Waimanu manneringi stood upright and waddled like modern day penguins, but was likely more awkward in the water. Some fossil penguins were much larger than any penguin living today, reaching 4.5 feet tall!

6. Like other birds, penguins don’t have teeth. Instead, they have backward-facing fleshy spines that line the inside of their mouths. These help them guide their fishy meals down their throat.

7. Penguins are carnivores: they feed on fish, squid, crabs, krill and other seafood they catch while swimming. During the summer, an active, medium-sized penguin will eat about 2 pounds of food each day, but in the winter they’ll eat just a third of that.

8. Eating so much seafood means drinking a lot of saltwater, but penguins have a way to remove it. The supraorbital gland, located just above their eye, filters salt from their bloodstream, which is then excreted through the bill—or by sneezing! But this doesn’t mean they chug seawater to quench their thirst: penguins drink meltwater from pools and streams and eat snow for their hydration fix.

9. Another adaptive gland—the oil (also called preen) gland—produces waterproofing oil. Penguins spread this across their feathers to insulate their bodies and reduce friction when they glide through the water.

10. Once a year, penguins experience a catastrophic molt. (Yes, that’s the official term.) Most birds molt (lose feathers and regrow them) a few at a time throughout the year, but penguins lose them all at once. They can’t swim and fish without feathers, so they fatten themselves up beforehand to survive the 2–3 weeks it takes to replace them.

11. Feathers are quite important to penguins living around Antarctica during the winter. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) have the highest feather density of any bird, at 100 feathers per square inch. In fact, the surface feathers can get even colder than the surrounding air, helping to keep the penguin’s body stays warm.

12. All but two penguin species breed in large colonies for protection, ranging from 200 to hundreds of thousands of birds. (There’s safety in numbers!) But living in such tight living quarters leads to an abundance of penguin poop—so much that it stains the ice! The upside is that scientists can locate colonies from space just by looking for dark ice patches.

13. Climate change will likely affect different penguin species differently—but in the Antarctic, it appears that the loss of krill, a primary food source, is the main problem. In some areas with sea ice melt, krill density has decreased 80 percent since the 1970s, indirectly harming penguin populations. However, some colonies of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) have grown as the melting ice exposes more rocky nesting areas.

14. Of the 17 penguin species, the most endangered is New Zealand’s yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes): only around 4,000 birds survive in the wild today. But other species are in trouble, including the erect-crested penguin (Eudyptes sclateri) of New Zealand, which has lost approximately 70 percent of its population over the past 20 years, and the Galapagos penguin, which has lost more than 50 percent since the 1970s.



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10 fascinating facts about elephants

1-There are only two distinct species of elephant left in the world: The African elephant and the Asian elephant.
2-The word “elephant” comes from the Greek word “elephas” which means “ivory”.
3-The elephant’s gestation period is 22 months – longer than any other land animal in the world. A new born human baby weighs an average of 7 pounds while a new born elephant baby can weigh up to 260 pounds! The baby can stand up shortly after being born.
4-The oldest known elephant in the world lived for 86 years (1917 – 2003). The average lifespan of an elephant is from 50 to 70 years. The largest known elephant was shot in Angola in 1956 and weighed about 24 000 pounds! It had a shoulder height of 3.96 metres!
5-The tusks of an elephant are modified incisors that grow throughout an elephant’s lifetime. An adult male’s tusks grow about 7 inches a year. Tusks are used to dig for salt, water and roots, to debark trees, to clear a path and occasionally in fights. Additionally, they are used for marking trees to establish an elephant’s territory.
6- The elephant’s trunk is a fusion of its nose and upper lip. It is the elephant’s most important limb. The trunk is sensitive enough to pick up a blade of grass and strong enough to rip the branches off a tree. The trunk is also used for drinking – the elephant can suck up to 14 litres of water at a time and then blow it straight into its mouth! When bathing, the elephant sucks water to spray on its body. It will then spray dirt and mud on its wet coat, which will dry and act as sunscreen.
7-Elephants have two gaits – a walk and a faster gait that is similar to running. They cannot jump, trot or gallop, however they can swim and use their trunk as a snorkel.
8-The elephant’s very large ears are used to radiate excess heat away from the body.
9-Elephant behaviour is associated with a unique animal intelligence that displays grief, altruism, compassion, self-awareness, play, art and music!
10-There is a structured social order in the elephant’s lifestyle. The females spend their entire lives in tight family groups made up of mothers, grandmothers, aunts, sisters and daughters. The eldest female normally leads the group. Adult males prefer to live a bachelor lifestyle.


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Amazing Facts About The Hummingbird

Hummingbirds are small, colorful birds with iridescent feathers. Their name comes from the fact that they flap their wings so fast (about 80 times per second) that they make a humming noise. Hummingbirds can fly right, left, up, down, backwards, and even upside down. They are also able to hover by flapping their wings in a figure-8 pattern. They have a specialized long and tapered bill that is used to obtain nectar from the center of long, tubular flowers. The hummingbird’s feet are used for perching only, and are not used for hopping or walking.Diet

Hummingbirds primarily eat flower nectar, tree sap, insects and pollen.

The hummingbird’s fast breathing rate, fast heartbeat and high body temperature require that they eat often. They also require an enormous amount of food each day. Hummingbirds have a long tongue which they use to lick their food at a rate of up to 13 licks per second.


It is difficult to estimate population numbers since there are many different species spanning a large geographic area.


Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, from southeastern Alaska to southern Chile, although most live in the tropics. There are more than 300 species of hummingbirds, 12 of which summer in North America and winter in tropical areas.


Like other birds, hummingbirds communicate via visual displays. Hummingbirds are very territorial and have been observed chasing each other and even larger birds such as hawks away from their territories.

Gestation: 13-22 days.
Clutch size: Between 1-3 eggs.
The young start to fly in 18 to 30 days.


Historically hummingbirds were killed for their feathers, today they face different but equally devastating threats.

Habitat loss and destruction are the hummingbird’s main threats. As hummingbirds are often specially adapted to each unique habitat, each species of hummingbird currently listed as vulnerable or endangered on the IUCN red list are all threatened due to habitat destruction and loss.

The earth's changing temperatures due to climate change are affecting hummingbird migratory patterns, causing different species to be spotted in locations well outside their normal range, where it may be harder for them to find food.

Reasons For Hope

Hummingbirds in the U.S. and around the world have the benefit of being garden and backyard favorites. Many people put out hummingbird feeders or grow flowers that attract hummingbirds in the warmer months that allow these birds to refuel during their long migratory journeys. What's in sight is often in mind, and many fans of hummingbirds are doing what they can to keep every backyard, park and garden a friendly place for these beautiful birds.


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Amazing Facts About The Turtle

Learn all the best things you would ever need to know about turtles with this fun list of the top ten most interesting facts about turtles.

1- Turtles have existed for over 220 million years ago.
2- There are approximately 300 species of turtles.
3- Antarctica is the only continent turtles don’t live on.
4- You can tell a turtles gender by the noise it makes. The males grunt and the females hiss.
5- The blood of hibernating turtles acts like antifreeze, allowing it to tolerate cold temperatures.
6- Not all turtles and tortoises hibernate.
7- Some female turtles produce eggs for up to four years after mating.
8- All turtles lay their eggs on land, not water.
9- Some land turtles are fast enough to out run humans.
10-Turtles, along with water snakes, crocodiles, alligators, dolphins and whales, will drown if kept underwater for too long.



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Amazing Facts About Seahorse

1. Male Seahorses Take Care of the Offspring

The way seahorses reproduce is very different from how the vast majority of other species procreate. When they’re ready to mate, the female seahorse will deposit her eggs into the male’s pouch, which is found in his abdomen. She can leave up to 50 eggs there. It’s up to the male to carry those eggs until they’re ready to be born.

This allows the female’s body to begin producing more eggs right away, which ensures that she’ll be able to mate again sooner rather than later in order to keep the species alive. Once the babies hatch, they’re released from the male’s abdomen. They’re fully formed babies, and every mating can result in up to 1,500 seahorses.
2. They Don’t Look Like Fish, But They Are

Seahorses may not look anything like your typical fish, but they actually are classified as fish. Characteristics that make them fish include a swim bladder to control buoyancy, gills to breathe, and fins to propel them through the water.

Every seahorse has a fin on its back, which it uses to propel itself through the water. Pectoral fins located close to the back of the head are what the animal uses to actually steer itself in the right direction.
3. Seahorses Love to Eat

Seahorses really love to eat. They feed almost constantly on tiny fish and plankton. The reason that they have to keep eating all the time is because their digestive systems work so quickly. Food passes right through them, so they need to continue consuming in order to stay alive.

In fact, they can consume up to 3,000 brine shrimp in one day. Unlike other species, seahorses don’t have teeth or a stomach, so their digestive processes are very unique.
3. They Mate for Life

Seahorses find a companion that they’ll stay with for life. They’re monogamous creatures, meaning they only mate with one other seahorse for their entire lives. Their unique courtship includes dancing with one another, displaying a variety of colours, swimming alongside one another, and spinning around each other. This can last up to 8 hours.
5. Seahorses Take Advantage of Camouflage to Survive

These creatures are experts at hiding themselves amidst the coral reefs where they live. Some species can actually change the colour of their bodies to blend in, while others are already built with the right colour, shape, size, and texture to blend in perfectly with the corals.
6. They Use Their Prehensile Tails a Lot

Seahorses are actually pretty bad swimmers. What makes them really different from other swimmers in the sea, however, is that they swim upright. And when storms hit, these delicate creatures can actually become so exhausted that they can die as a result.

But they’re really good at anchoring themselves to corals and grasses, thanks to their prehensile tails that allow them to stay steady and eat despite strong currents.

When fighting over mates, territory, or food, seahorses use their powerful tails against one another as their main weapons. But when they get along, pairs of seahorses can be seen swimming together with their tails linked.
7. Even Though They’re Fish, They Don’t Have Scales

Seahorses do not have any scales. Instead, they have an exoskeleton that consists of hard plates that are fused together.
8. Their Eyes Work Independently of One Another

Seahorses have a great sense of sight. Their eyes can work independently of one another as well so they can be aware of their surroundings at all times. In other words, while one eye is looking forward, the other can be looking behind.
9. They Have Their Own Version of Fingerprints

Just as every human has a unique set of fingerprints, every individual seahorse has a defining characteristic. A small crown, referred to as a coral net, is different on every seahorse in both its size and design.
10. They Don’t Have Many Predators

The seahorse is too bony and indigestible for the majority of species that it shares its home with. Therefore, it doesn’t have many predators to worry about. Crabs, however, are a major threat. And the other major threat to their survival is humans, who harvest them at faster rates than they can reproduce.


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Amazing Facts About Crocodiles

1. The largest crocodile species is saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), encountered from India to northern Australia and Fiji. In can reach 7 m (23 ft) in length and 1 tonne in weight! At 5 m (17 ft) length, it already has 0.5 tonne!

Even so, a crocodile egg is no larger than that of a goose!

The smallest crocodile is the dwarf crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis) from central Africa, which has a maximum length of 1.9 m (6.5 ft). It is more terrestrial than other crocodiles.

2. To "cry crocodile tears" is a common expression which is used for depicting fake sadness. It has its origins in the myth according to which reptiles weep while eating humans. But, believe it or not, crocodiles really do wipe while feasting, but rather due to physiological reasons than remorse. Their eyes can froth and bubble during the feeding. Air pushed through the sinuses could mix with tears in the animal's lacrimal (tear) glands and the whole content could be emptied into the eye; resulting the "fake" remorse.

3. Crocodile skin is considered one of the finest and best, being soft and durable. In many tribal societies, skin crocodile is used as a symbol of high status. But only the skin on the belly has these qualities; the back skin is covered in bones (called osteoderms) that reflects arrows, spears and even bullets!

A crocodile skin purse can cost $ 15,000. The value of the crocodile skin has been fueling an intense poaching and today many of the 23 species of crocodiles and relatives are threatened, many populations being wiped out. The salvation of the crocodiles could come from the crocodile farms.

Brazilian poachers capture caymans during the night, by thrusting spears between their eyes (which can be easily spotted night, due to the shiny tapetum layer). The animals are brought into the boats and skinned alive.

4. Some populations venerated the crocodiles (like the ancient Egyptians). From some tribes in New Guinea, the crocodile is a totem god and those people make themselves crocodile-like body scarring, which is an extremely painful procedure.

In the case of Australian Aborigines, some tribes were expert in crocodile hunt, while for others the crocodile hunt was taboo.

5. Crocodiles display increased aggressiveness during the mating season (linked to the monsoon).

6. Each crocodile jaw carries 24 sharp teeth meant to grasp and crush, not to chew. That's why they swallow stones that grind the food inside their stomachs (the stomach stones also serve as ballast). The teeth are continuously replaced along the crocodile's life. Crocodiles can exert enormous pressure when closing their jaws, but the force for opening them is so weak, that an adhesive band is enough to keep a large crocodiles' jaw shut up. The powerful jaws can be extremely delicate, working like pencils, when removing offspring from the nest. Still, beware at the tail: it inflicts powerful blows.

7. Many times crocodiles stay on the river banks mouth wide open. That is not an aggressive posture, but a way to cool off: they sweat through the mouth!

8. The crocodiles have a four-chambered heart like in birds (their closest relatives) and mammals, for an active life. Still, when diving, the heart behaves like a three-chambered reptilian heart, enabling them to stay more underwater.

9. How can you make the difference between a crocodile and an alligator? If you are not accustomed to their shape, look at the mouth: crocodiles have a clearly visible the fourth tooth on the lower jaw even when the mouth is closed (alligators and caymans have a groove where that tooth fits). Because crocodiles have salt glands inside their mouths they can stand sea water, while alligators cannot. That's why many crocodiles species abound in mangroves and estuaries. Behaviorally, crocodiles are more active and more aggressive than alligators, and also less resistant to cold (alligators are found in subtropical areas, crocodiles not).

10. If you turn on a lantern at night in waters populated by crocodiles, you will see pairs of shiny red dots. These are the crocodiles' eyes which have a layer called tapetum behind their retina, containing crystals that reflect light and make possible the night vision.

11. 99% of the crocodile offspring are eaten in the fist year of life by large fish, monitor lizards, herons and ... adult crocodiles. During the first weeks of life, the crocodile offspring eats the food reserves from its viteline sack. The crocodile eggs are appreciated by monitor lizards, hyenas, large storks and even... humans. A female lays 20-80 eggs which are incubated in a nest built from plant materials and defended by her for three months.

A farmed crocodile reaches 1.5 m (5 ft) in length in just one year. In the wild, without such a constant food supply, it requires 3 years to reach the same length.

12. Crocodiles can swim just with the help of their powerful tail with 40 km (25 mi) per hour, and can stand underwater 2-3 hours. On land they can burst on short rapid races, but they get tired very quickly. They can also execute jumps out of the water, a several meters long.

13. The first crocodiles appeared 240 million years ago, at the same time with the dinosaurs (to which they are related), had less than 1 m (3 ft) in length and ran on two feet! That's why even today, crocodiles have longer hind limbs than fore limbs.

14. Crocodiles can live up to 80 years!


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Scotlandís national animal is the unicorn

A country's 'National Animal' should represent the best, and defining, qualities of the nation who chose it.

Scots have a strong sentimental streak under that practical and reserved exterior, and Scottish culture is rich in superstitions, myths and legends.

So, choosing a heraldic symbol as awe-inspiring as the unicorn makes perfect sense!



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World Fastest Bird.

The Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine,[1] and historically as the duck hawk in North America,[2] is a widespread bird of prey in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head. As is typical of bird-eating raptors, peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, females being considerably larger than males.[3][4] The peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 322 km/h (200 mph) during its characteristic hunting stoop (high speed dive),[5] making it the fastest member of the animal kingdom.[6][7] According to a National Geographic TV programme, the highest measured speed of a peregrine falcon is 389 km/h (242 mph).[8][9]

The peregrine's breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the tropics. It can be found nearly everywhere on Earth, except extreme polar regions, very high mountains, and most tropical rainforests; the only major ice-free landmass from which it is entirely absent is New Zealand. This makes it the world's most widespread raptor[10] and one of the most widely found bird species. In fact, the only land-based bird species found over a larger geographic area is not always naturally occurring but one widely introduced by humans, the rock pigeon, which in turn now supports many peregrine populations as a prey species. Both the English and scientific names of this species mean "wandering falcon", referring to the migratory habits of many northern populations. Experts recognize 17 to 19 subspecies which vary in appearance and range; there is disagreement over whether the distinctive Barbary falcon is represented by two subspecies of Falco peregrinus, or is a separate species, F. pelegrinoides. The two species' divergence is relatively recent, during the time of the last ice age, therefore the genetic differential between them (and also the difference in their appearance) is relatively small. It has been determined that they are only approximately 0.6–0.8% genetically differentiated.[11]

While its diet consists almost exclusively of medium-sized birds, the peregrine will occasionally hunt small mammals, small reptiles, or even insects. Reaching sexual maturity at one year, it mates for life and nests in a scrape, normally on cliff edges or, in recent times, on tall human-made structures.[12] The peregrine falcon became an endangered species in many areas because of the widespread use of certain pesticides, especially DDT. Since the ban on DDT from the early 1970s, populations have recovered, supported by large-scale protection of nesting places and releases to the wild.[13]

The peregrine falcon is a well respected falconry bird due to its strong hunting ability, high trainability, versatility, and in recent years availability via captive breeding. It is effective on most game bird species from small to large.


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Amazing Facts ABout The Human Ear

1- The smallest bones are the ossicles in the middle ear: the incus, the malleus, and the stapes (also called the anvil, hammer, and stirrup).
2- The inner ear is no larger than a pencil eraser in circumference.
3- Your sense of hearing is dependent upon tiny hairs deep inside your ear. If you lose these hairs, you lose your hearing.
4- You do not need to clean wax out of your ears unless you have an abnormal condition. Ears push excess wax out as needed.
5- The majority of individuals suffering from hearing loss are under the age of 65.
6- The number one cause of hearing loss is exposure to excessively loud sounds (85 decibels or higher).
7- Your hearing can be damaged permanently even after a single incident of exposure to extremely loud noise (shotgun blast, explosion, etc.).
8- Your ears never stop hearing, even when you sleep. Your brain just ignores incoming sounds.
9- Your ears are more than just necessary for hearing; they also help you keep your balance.
10-Not all living creatures hear with ears. Snakes use jawbones, fish respond to pressure changes, and male mosquitoes use antennae.


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Amazing Facts About Human Tongue

1. Did you know that tongue is the only muscle in human body that works without any support from the skeleton? Yes! It is known as muscular hydrostat.

2. Our tongue is the home of our taste buds. When looked under a magnifying glass, hundreds and thousands of small bumps will become visible on the tongue. These bumps are known as papillae and are the actual home of our taste buds.

3. Tongue is not the only place where taste buds live. Taste buds can also be found on the inside of our cheeks, on lips, on the roof of our mouth and even under the tongue.

4. Approximately, there are 10,000 taste buds in our mouth of which 8,000 live on our tongue and the remaining 2,000 are found in the places we mentioned in the previous point.

5. There are specific segments on tongue for sensing different tastes. The notion that different parts of the tongue is responsible for sensing different types of tastes (in other words, there are taste belts) is actually a myth. Our tongue can taste sour, sweet, bitter, salty and umami. Umami is actually a very new variant of taste discovered by a Japanese scientist who found that the chemical that is responsible for this taste is monosodium glutamate.

6. Our tongue is the only muscle in our body that is capable of sensing taste and sending taste signals to the brain. Each individual taste bud has around 15 receptacles that are responsible for carrying taste signals to our brain.

7. The tongue is THE STRONGEST muscle in entire body. However, it is at the same time, one of THE MOST sensitive muscles as well.

8. In terms of flexibility, tongue beats every other muscle in our body! Because of this flexibility, the tongue is capable of easily manipulating food inside the mouth and is also capable of acting as a natural cleanser for our teeth after a meal.

9. Our tongue has a very unique property. It is incapable of detecting taste if it is dry. This means that if you place a piece of lemon on a dry tongue, you will not be able to tell that it is sour. The tongue gets its ability to sense taste only in the presence of saliva that keeps it moist.

10. The color of the tongue can tell a lot about a person’s health. Here are some color indications about health: Pink Tongue = Good Health; White Tongue = Fungal Infection and Yellow Tongue = Stomach Problem or Fever.

11. Tongueprints (actually tongue imprints) of humans are unique (very much same as the fingerprints). Tongues of different humans are of different shapes and will have different number of taste buds, thus making the tongue imprints unique.

12. Tongue has a really really rough texture. Did you ever notice that while kissing someone?

13. Women have shorter tongues compared to males.

14. We mentioned in point 9 that a dry tongue is incapable of detecting taste. That’s because taste buds are capable of sensing taste only when molecules of the food (or whatever you put in your mouth) dissolve in water (our saliva consists of water). This essentially means that you cannot sense taste of anything whose molecules do not dissolve in water even if you have a moist tongue. Ever tried tasting glass?

15. Here is an interesting tongue fact – you don’t keep your tongue clean and you will get bad breath. Why so? That’s because our mouth is the home of 600 different types of bacteria and a single saliva drop contains 1 million of those bacteria. Our entire tongue remains moist due to saliva. So, can you ever imagine the number of bacteria present on our tongue?

16. Every taste bud on our tongue has somewhere between 50 and 100 taste sensing cells. No individual cell is capable of tasting more than one taste.

17. About 2/3rd of the tongue is visible and the remaining 1/3rd is not visible. The part that is not visible is close to the throat.

18. In Tibet, you can merrily stick your tongue out at others. It will not be considered rude or childish. In Tibet, it is actually a greeting.

19. The tongue is more important than we think. It does not only help to taste food but also helps to talk, to spit, to swallow and even to kiss.

20. The longest human tongue to be ever recorded was 3.86 inches from back to tip. The widest tongue measured 3.1 inches. The longest female tongue to be ever recorded was 2.76 inches.


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Amazing Facts About Bats

    Bats are flying mammals.

    While others can glide, bats are the only mammals capable of continued flight.

    There are over 1000 different bat species.

    Bats are nocturnal (active at night).

    Bats ‘see’ in the dark using a special skill called echolocation. Bats make noises and wait for the sound waves to bounce back off objects (an echo), if it doesn’t bounce back then they can safely fly forward. They can tell the distance of various objects by how quickly the sound waves bounce back to them.

    Most bats feed on insects, while others eat fruit, fish or even blood!

    There are 3 species of vampire bats which feed solely on blood.

    Vampire bats have small and extremely sharp teeth which are capable of piercing an animal’s skin (humans included) without them even noticing.

    Vampire bats can carry rabies, making their bites potentially dangerous.

    Some bats live by themselves while others live in caves with thousands of other bats.

    Bats can live for over 20 years.

    Pteropus bats (also known as flying foxes or fruit bats) are the largest in the world.



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10 Amazing Facts About Black Hols

 Imagine matter packed so densely that nothing can escape. Not a moon, not a planet and not even light. That’s what black holes are — a spot where gravity’s pull is huge, ending up being dangerous for anything that accidentally strays by. But how did black holes come to be, and why are they important? Below we have 10 facts about black holes

Fact 1: You can’t directly see a black hole.

Because a black hole is indeed “black” — no light can escape from it — it’s impossible for us to sense the hole directly through our instruments, no matter what kind of electromagnetic radiation you use (light, X-rays, whatever.) The key is to look at the hole’s effects on the nearby environment, points out NASA. Say a star happens to get too close to the black hole, for example. The black hole naturally pulls on the star and rips it to shreds. When the matter from the star begins to bleed toward the black hole, it gets faster, gets hotter and glows brightly in X-rays.
Fact 2: Look out! Our Milky Way likely has a black hole.
A natural next question is given how dangerous a black hole is, is Earth in any imminent danger of getting swallowed? The answer is no, astronomers say, although there is probably a huge supermassive black hole lurking in the middle of our galaxy. Luckily, we’re nowhere near this monster — we are about two-thirds of the way out from the center, relative to the rest of our galaxy — but we can certainly observe its effects from afar. For example: the European Space Agency says it’s four million times more massive than our Sun, and that it’s surrounded by surprisingly hot gas.

Fact 3: Dying stars create stellar black holes.
Say you have a star that’s about 20 times more massive than the Sun. Our Sun is going to end its life quietly; when its nuclear fuel burns out, it’ll slowly fade into a white dwarf. That’s not the case for far more massive stars. When those monsters run out of fuel, gravity will overwhelm the natural pressure the star maintains to keep its shape stable. When the pressure from nuclear reactions collapses, according to the Space Telescope Science Institute, gravity violently overwhelms and collapses the core and other layers are flung into space. This is called a supernova. The remaining core collapses into a singularity — a spot of infinite density and almost no volume. That’s another name for a black hole.
Fact 4: Black holes come in a range of sizes.
There are at least three types of black holes, NASA says, ranging from relative squeakers to those that dominate a galaxy’s center. Primordial black holes are the smallest kinds, and range in size from one atom’s size to a mountain’s mass. Stellar black holes, the most common type, are up to 20 times more massive than our own Sun and are likely sprinkled in the dozens within the Milky Way. And then there are the gargantuan ones in the centers of galaxies, called “supermassive black holes.” They’re each more than one million times more massive than the Sun. How these beasts formed is still being examined.
Fact 5: Weird time stuff happens around black holes.
This is best illustrated by one person (call them Unlucky) falling into a black hole while another person (call them Lucky) watches. From Lucky’s perspective, Unlucky’s time clock appears to be ticking slower and slower. This is in accordance with Einstein’s theory of general relativity, which (simply put) says that time is affected by how fast you go, when you’re at extreme speeds close to light. The black hole warps time and space so much that Unlucky’s time appears to be running slower. From Unlucky’s perspective, however, their clock is running normally and Lucky’s is running fast.

Fact 6: The first black hole wasn’t discovered until X-ray astronomy was used.
Cygnus X-1 was first found during balloon flights in the 1960s, but wasn’t identified as a black hole for about another decade. According to NASA, the black hole is 10 times more massive to the Sun. Nearby is a blue supergiant star that is about 20 times more massive than the Sun, which is bleeding due to the black hole and creating X-ray emissions.
Fact 7: The nearest black hole is likely not 1,600 light-years away.
An erroneous measurement of V4641 Sagitarii led to a slew of news reports a few years back saying that the nearest black hole to Earth is astoundingly close, just 1,600 light-years away. Not close enough to be considered dangerous, but way closer than thought. Further research, however, shows that the black hole is likely further away than that. Looking at the rotation of its companion star, among other factors, yielded a 2014 result of more than 20,000 light years.
Fact 8: We aren’t sure if wormholes exist.
A popular science-fiction topic concerns what happens if somebody falls into a black hole. Some people believe these objects are a sort of wormhole to other parts of the Universe, making faster-than-light travel possible. But as this Smithsonian Magazine article points out, anything is possible since we still have a lot to figure out about physics. “Since we do not yet have a theory that reliably unifies general relativity with quantum mechanics, we do not know of the entire zoo of possible spacetime structures that could accommodate wormholes,” said Abi Loeb, who is with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
Fact 9: Black holes are only dangerous if you get too close.
Like creatures behind a cage, it’s okay to observe a black hole if you stay away from its event horizon — think of it like the gravitational field of a planet. This zone is the point of no return, when you’re too close for any hope of rescue. But you can safely observe the black hole from outside of this arena. By extension, this means it’s likely impossible for a black hole to swallow up everything in the Universe (barring some sort of major revision to physics or understanding of our Cosmos, of course.)
Fact 10: Black holes are used all the time in science fiction.
There are so many films and movies using black holes, for example, that it’s impossible to list them all. Interstellar‘s journeys through the universe includes a close-up look at a black hole. Event Horizon explores the phenomenon of artificial black holes — something that is also discussed in the Star Trek universe. Black holes are also talked about in Battlestar: Galactica, Stargate: SG1 and many, many other space shows.

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Amazing Facts About The Ostrich.

 1.  An ostrich’s brain is smaller than its eye - it would hardly fill a teaspoon.

2.  The Roman Emperor Heliogabalus once had the brains of 600 ostriches served up at a feast during his reign 2 000 years ago.
3.  Every adult ostrich has around a kilogram or more of stones in its crop. Sometimes these stones have been found to be diamonds.
4.  The dark male ostrich usually sits on its eggs at night, and his paler female mate during the day.
5.  They don’t put their heads in the sand, but they do rest their necks on the ground while on the nest.
6.  Ostriches have the largest eyes of any land animal.
7.  Despite this, they have an alarming tendency to run into obstacles.
8.  Most ostriches you see in South Africa are crossed with the Barbary ostrich of North Africa - smuggled into the country before World War I for its finer feathers.
9.  Don’t go near a male ostrich with red shins. He’s at his most aggressive then.
10.            Ostriches can sprint to speeds of 70 km/h, outpacing almost any predator.
11.          In the 1700s, ostriches were occasionally harnessed and used to pull light carts in South Africa.
12.          Ostriches make good shepherds. These days you’ll often see a flock of Karoo sheep being guarded by a patrolling ostrich.
13.          During the mating season, males roar like lions.
14.          They also do the crazy fandango as a mating dance in front of females. Once you see it, you’ll know how cabarets were inspired.

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Amazing Fact About Tiger

Here are 22 amazing facts about tigers you probably do not know…

1. A tiger’s legs are so powerful that they can remain standing even when dead…

Tigers have been known to have been shot, bleed out, and die, all while standing up. Pretty crazy.


2. They are the largest of all the big cats, weighing up to 300k (700 pounds)…

Just a little size comparison for you. Look at dem paws.


3. If you look a tiger in the eyes he is less likely to kill you…

Tigers prefer to hunt by ambush, so by looking a tiger in the eyes you are showing him you know he is there. Now he has lost the element of surprise, and will most likely go find something else to feast on. Because of this, men in India often wear masks on the back of their head with a second face.


 4.Tigers are completely blind for the first week of their life. About half do not survive to adulthood…


5. The white spot on the back of their ears is called an ocelli…


6. Tigers have antiseptic saliva…


7. Tiger’s tongues make our tongues look pretty sad…

The tiger’s tongue is covered with numerous small, sharp, rear-facing projections called papillae. These papillae gives the tongue is rough, rasping texture and is designed to help strip the skin, feathers, fur and meat right off its prey. They have been known to lick the paint right off the walls of their enclosures in the zoo.


8. Tigers are solitary creatures…

Tigers are solitary animals, and it actually fairly rare to see them group together in the wild. The exception to this, of course, is a mother and her cubs.

9. They’re nicer than lions…

Unlike lions, who would fight to the death over a kill, when a tiger crosses paths with another tiger while hunting, they often share the meal together. Also, when several tigers are present at a kill, the males will wait for females and cubs to eat first, again, unlike lions, which do the opposite. Tigers rarely argue or fight over a kill and simply wait turns.


10. Tigers have very diverse diets…

Tigers feed on deer antelope, wild boar, and buffalo. But did you know they also eat a variety of birds, fish, rodents, small elephants, rhinos, crocodiles, and even leopards?

11. Tigers do not normally view humans as prey…

Tigers will only attack a human if they feel threatened. Or if they’re really really hungry and you look delicious. ?? But seriously, if you were to ever encounter a tiger in the wild, slowly back far, far away while keeping eye contact with him. Chances are you’re in his territory and he wants you to leave more than he wants to eat you.

12. Tigers can leap distances of over 6m, and jump up to 5m vertically…


13. A backhand from a tiger can kill you…

While tigers prefer to use their massive teeth to crush their victim’s neck (lovely!), a single strike is enough to do the job. One swipe from a tiger’s front paw is strong enough to smash a bear’s skull and even break its spine.


14. Tigers have been known to imitate the call of other animals to successfully attract prey…

15. Tigers have a brain that weighs over 300g…

It is the 2nd largest brain of all carnivores, the largest being the brain of a polar bear.


16. Tigers are adept swimmers…

Unlike almost all other big cats, they enjoy bathing and often play in the water. As adults, they often swim several kilometers to hunt or to cross rivers. The only other big cat that doesn’t mind getting wet is the black panther. However, they don’t seek out water or play in the water like tigers do.


17. They have an amazing short term memory…

Cats in general have been found to have a better memory than any other animal, including humans, being several hundred times better than dogs and dozens of times better than primates. Tigers’ short-term memory alone lasts about thirty times longer than humans’, and their memories are made with stronger brain synapses, meaning that they can remember more and do not forget things as easily as we do.


18. There were once nine subspecies of tigers: Now only 6 remain…

Three subspecies of tiger have been killed off in the last 80 years.

19. The Balinese tiger was purposely hunted to extinction…

Due to the Balinese cultural belief that tigers represent evil and destruction. Above is one of the only known photographs of a Balinese tiger.


20. There are a greater number of tigers in captivity in the US alone than there are wild tigers left on earth…


21. The white tiger has become even rarer in the wild due to trophy hunting or capture for the exotic pet trade…

There have been no recorded sightings of these elusive predators in the wild for the past 50 years. Today, the white tiger can still be found in a handful of zoos and animal sanctuaries.


22. It has been estimated that all the last remaining subspecies of tigers could become extinct in the wild in as little as 15 years…


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Amazing Facts About Eye.

1. Eyes began to develop 550 million years ago. The simplest eyes were patches of photoreceptor protein in single-celled animals.

2. Your eyes start to develop two weeks after you are conceived.

3. The entire length of all the eyelashes shed by a human in their life is over 98 feet with each eye lash having a life span of about 5 months.

4. To protect our eyes they are positioned in a hollowed eye socket, while eyebrows prevent sweat dripping into your eyes and eyelashes keep dirt out of your eyes.

5. Your eyeballs stay the same size from birth to death, while your nose and ears continue to grow.

6. An eye is composed of more than 2 million working parts.

7. Only 1/6 of the human eyeball is exposed.

8. Corneas are the only tissues that don’t have blood.

9. The human eye weights approximately just under an ounce and is about an inch across.

10. An eye cannot be transplanted. More than 1 million nerve fibers connect each eye to the brain and currently we’re not able to reconstruct those connections.

11. 80% of our memories are determined by what we see.

12. Eyes heal quickly. With proper care, it takes only about 48 hours to repair a minor corneal scratch.

13. There are about 39 million people that are blind around the world.

14. 80% of vision problems worldwide are avoidable or even curable.

15. Humans and dogs are the only species known to seek visual cues from another individual’s eyes, and dogs only do this when interacting with humans.

16. A fingerprint has 40 unique characteristics, but an iris has 256, a reason retina scans are increasingly being used for security purposes.

17. People who are blind can see their dreams if they weren’t born blind.

18. “Red eye” occurs in photos because light from the flash bounces off the back of the eye. The choroid is located behind the retina and is rich in blood vessels, which make it appear red on film.

19. 80% of what we learn is through our eyes.

20. Eyes are the second most complex organ after the brain.


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The Hidden truth on About Indiaís Freedom Movement

Lord Attlee, the Viceroy of India during his interview revealed some of the shocking truths regarding Indian Independence movement. When Lord Attlee was asked about the extent to which the British decision to quit India was influenced by Gandhiji’s activities, he slowly uttered with his lips parted in a smile of disdain and putting emphasis on each letter said-“M-i-n-i-m-a-l”.Mr. Attlee cited several reasons why they left India, the most important of which were the activities of Netaji Subhaschandra Bose which that had weakened the very foundation of the attachment of the Indian land and the Naval forces of the British Government.

Undoubtedly, Mohandas Gandhi was a man of discipline. His integrity cannot be questioned and was a true patriot. But I can smell some kind of nepotism to his followers because of his inaction to Bhagat Singh’s death case who was against his words. Even though Gandhi ji was in nonnot in -agreement with the ideology and methodology of Bhagath Singh he could have saved his life based on the ground that his patriotism was unquestionable.

Some of the Gandhian thoughts are unrealistic and cannot be accepted. I think it is upto the people of India as to whom they call “Mahatma”. The real heroes of the India’s freedom struggle can be attributed to Netaji Subhas Chandra bose Bose and Bhagat Singh and their related membersthose related to them in the struggle for freedom. India’s Independece was evident even though the Gandhian movement were was not active as the condition was favourable for the British Government to hand over the same to Indians because of their huge losses which they incurred from during the second world warSecond World War.


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Facts about plastic..

1. Dr Baekeland devised the plastic as a possible man-made replacement for shellac, which was  made from excretions of the kerria lacca insect.

2. The very first plastic was Parkesine, invented by Alexander Parkes in 1856. It cracked and was flammable, so was not a total success.

3. The word ‘plastic’ comes from the Greek plastikos, meaning ‘capable of being shaped and moulded.

4. That sense of ‘plastic’ has been recorded in English since the late 16th century.

5. ‘Plastic explosives’ were first referred to in 1907 and ‘plastic bag’ arrived in 1941.

    She got her looks from her father. He’s a plastic surgeon

    Groucho Marx

6. ‘Plastic surgeon’ came in 1863 and credit and debit cards were first called ‘plastic money’ in 1969.

7. About 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide every year.

8. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the name given to a collection of marine debris mostly comprising plastic in the North Pacific Ocean.

9. A fleece jacket can be made from 25 recycled plastic drinks bottles.

10. “She got her looks from her father. He’s a plastic surgeon,” (Groucho Marx).


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10 Facts for International Womenís Day

1. Women perform 66% of the world’s work and produce 50% of the food. They earn just 10% of incomes and own 1% of the property globally.

2. And out of 197 countries, only 22 of them have women currently serving as heads of state — just 11.2%.

3. Women outpace men in educational achievement, with 58% of college graduates. While two-thirds of women graduate in the humanities and the arts, men continue to dominate in science with 60% of graduates.

4. More girls than boys now complete their secondary education in 32 out of 34 OECD countries, accounting for around 60% of the total.

5. In business, the gender gap remains wide. In the United States, for example, only 21 of the CEOs of Fortune 500 companies are women.

6. Men are promoted based on their potential, while women are promoted based on past accomplishments.

7. Research studies confirm a direct correlation between the gender gap in economic opportunities and economic growth.

8. By contrast, the smaller the nation’s gender gap, the higher its economic productivity.

9. In nearly every country, women work longer hours than men and are paid less.

10. Women in poor countries do more unpaid work, work longer hours in the informal economy and face degrading working conditions.


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Amazing facts about Mobile.

1.  Have you ever used Nokia 1100? Be proud, it was the bestselling electrical gadget in history with more than 250 million pieces sold.

2.  $4000 is the cost of first mobile phone in US, in 1983.

3.  In 2012 Apple sold more than 340,000 iPhones per day, which is around 4 per second.

Also see amazing facts about Apple Inc., and evolution of iOS.

4.  Be careful while using your mobile phone, it has 18 times more bacteria than toilet handles.

5.  Is your phone water proof?  90% of mobile phones in Japan, are waterproof.

6.  Insomnia, confusion and headaches are caused due to mobile phone radiation. Experts have identified ringxiety, nomophobia, telephonophobia and frigensophobia as conditions that can effect people.

7.  This sounds odd, but you can charge your phone by using urine, scientists developed it.

8.  The first mobile call was made by Martin Cooper in 1973.

9.  Do you know that the present mobile phones have more computing power than the computers used for the Apollo 11 to land on the moon.

10.  In Britain more than 100,000 mobile phones are dropped down in the toilet every year.

11.  In 1993, world’s first Smartphone was debuted at Florida’s Wireless World Conference by BellSouth Cellular, it has a LCD touch screen display.  This was designed by IBM and named as Simon ,priced at $899 and only 2000 Simmons are made at that time.

12.  In U.S., the mobile phone towers and antennas are often disguised. Engineers have developed ways to install the equipment into telephone poles, clock faces, church roofs and even in signs. Even mobile phone tower is often disguised as plastic trees.

13.  70% of mobile phones are manufactured in China.

14.  Around 80% of the world’s population has a mobile phone.

15.  More than 90% of adults have their mobile phone within arm’s reach all the time.

16.  There are more mobile phones than PCs, the ratio  is 5 times.

17.  More than 4 billion people own mobile phones.  But only 3.5 billion use a toothbrush.

18.  Within 3 minutes of delivery, 90% of text messages are read.

19.  More than 80% of adults in U.S. own a mobile phone.

20.  What is your monthly mobile phone bill?  142,000 pounds is the highest ever mobile bill  by Celina Aarons.

21.  According to Guinness World Records, Sonim XP3300 Force is recognized as the toughest phone.  It survived an 84ft drop without any operational damage.

22.  Mobile phone industry is the fastest growing industry in the world.

23.  iPhone 5 Black Diamond is the costliest phone in the world, which costs $15 million.  It will take nine weeks to build, made of 135 gram solid gold of 24 carat and the chassis was inlaid with 600 white diamonds.

24. 74 % of smartphone users use their mobile phone to help with shopping, of which 79% ultimately making a purchase.

25.  Mobile phone users mostly spend their time on games and social networking.


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Water on the moon..

in september 2009, india's ISRO Chandrayaan -1 using its moon mineralogy mapper dected water on the moon for the first time.


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Russells Viper Daboia russelii Snake Facts

The Russell's viper (Daboia russelii) a venomous Old World viper, is found throughout Asia, in the Indian subcontinent, much of Southeast Asia in southern parts of China and Taiwan. The species is found in many countries India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Taiwan and Indonesia 
It's genus, Daboia is monotypic, meaning it only comprises a single species, and the name derives from the Hindi word meaning "the lurker" or "that lies hid". The Russell's viper is also known by several other common names like Daboia, chain viper, Indian Russell's viper, common Russell's viper, chain snake, scissors snake and seven pacer.
The species was named in after Patrick Russell (1726–1805), the Scottish herpetologist that first described many of the Indian snakes. The Russell's viper is a member of the big four snakes of India, and it's also the snake species responsible for the most snakebite incidents and deaths among all venomous snakes.
The Eastern russell's viper (Daboia siamensis) is considered a subspecies, although it's also sometimes treated as a full species. It's found in Taiwan, southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia.
These are large snakes with an average length of about 4 feet (120 cm) on the mainland Asian populations, and a maximum length of around 5.5 ft (1.7 m), island populations are smaller in size.
The head is and distinct from the neck with a long, flattened and triangular shape, and large, conspicuous nostrils on each side of the snout. The background color may vary from dark brown, brownish-yellow to a brownish-gray, with a dorsal pattern consisting of 3 rows of black or brown oval spots with black, white, or both edges.
Sometimes the spots in middle fuse together to form more of a zigzag pattern. Juvenile specimens are usually brownish-orange to clear orange. They have large fangs up to 0.65 inches (16.5 mm) and a short tail.
Russell's viper isn't restricted to any particular habitat, but it's most commonly found in plains, coastal lowlands, savannahs, foothills on montane areas or hills with suitable habitats. The species does tend to avoid densely forested areas and is mostly found in open, grassy or bushy areas, but can also be found in scrub jungles, forested plantations and farmlands. 
These snakes also avoid humid habitats like marshes, swamps or rain forests. They are also uncommon at higher altitudes, but specimens have been reported up to 7500 to 9800 feet (2300-3000 m).
The Russell's viper will take shelter in rodent burrows, old termite mounds, rock crevices, piles of leaves, or other debris. They are also found near human dwellings in search of prey, but not as common as the cobras or kraits.
These snakes are terrestrial and primarily nocturnal, especially during hot weather. However, in the event of cool weather they will change their behavior and become more active during the day.
Adult snakes are somewhat slow and sluggish, but if pushed beyond their limit they can become very aggressive. On the other hand juveniles are generally much more nervous. When disturbed the Russell's viper forms a series of "S" shaped loops raising one third of the body and will hiss loudly. 
These are strong snakes that may react violently to being picked up, if a bite does occur it may be a snap, or the snake may hang on for several seconds. When the snake strikes it can exert so much force that even a large specimen may lift most of its body off the ground. 
The quantity of venom produced by the russell's viper is considerable, with adult specimens injecting from 130 mg to 268 mg in a single bite. Necrosis isn't usually very deep and stays limited to the area of the bite, but in some cases it may be severe. 
When bitten, humans will experience a wide variety of symptoms including pain, blistering and swelling at the bite location, bleeding (especially from the gums), vomiting, dizziness, blood incoagulability and kidney failure. 
With early medical treatment and access to the antivenom the severe or potentially lethal complications are drastically reduced. From the russell's viper bite survivors, a third will suffer severe damage to their pituitary glands, resulting in hypopituitarism
Diet / Feeding
The russell's viper feeds primarily rodents and small mammals, especially murid species, they also feed on squirrels, shrews, land crabs, scorpions, birds, lizards or frogs. 
The juvenile specimens are crepuscular, and forage actively feeding mainly on lizards, but are also known to be cannibalistic. 
The prey is stalked and then bitten and released, when it dies the snakes eats it.As the snake grows and becomes an adult, it specializes in rodents, in fact the main reason they are attracted to human settlements is the presence of rodents and lizards.
The russell's viper is ovoviviparous, producing eggs that hatch inside the body, and the young are born alive. The sexual maturity is achieved in about 2 to 3 years, and the minimum length for a pregnant female snake is about 39 inches (100 cm).
The species is a very prolific breeder, and litters of 20 to 40 offspring are common, although there may be one hatchling in a litter the recorded maximum is 65 from a single litter. At birth the juveniles measure around 8.5 to 10.2 inches (215 to 260 mm). 
The breeding season generally occurs early in the year extending from April to July, although gravid females may be found up to September. The gestation period is lasts more than 6 months, and the young are born from May to November, but mostly in the months of June and July.
Conservation / Threats
The 2 most common threats to the russell's viper snake species are road kill mortality, and humans killing it out of fear due to their venom potency and aggression when they encounter humans. They are also killed for their skin and meat.
Their venom is also illegally  traded in parts of its range, for various uses including medical and research use. The species is listed as "Least Concern" by IUCN, as it's highly adaptable and widespread and abundant in human-modified habitats.

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Do You Know These Facts About Your Dreams

1. Sleep walking is a legitimate defense to homicide


While it doesn’t happen often, there have been numerous reported cases of sleepwalkers killing people while sleepwalking. As of the year 2000, there were 68 reported cases in the literature.

2. You can be conscious in a dream

For most people, dreaming is a passive state where the impossible is possible – it’s another reality we experience, totally separate from our normal lives. While the images may be extremely vivid in the moment, they quickly fade as we wake up and realize – with either great relief or extreme disappointment – that it was “only a dream”.

3. Men and women dream about sex the same amount

Surprisingly, men and women both report the same amount of dreams with sexual content, despite the fact that men experience sexual thoughts more frequently in everyday life.

4. Women experience more nightmares than men

A study by psychologist Jennie Parker of the University of the West of England found that women experience more nightmares than males. Women not only reported more nightmares, but they also reported their nightmares as more emotionally intense.


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10 Awesome Facts About Human Body

1. For every pound of fat gained, you add seven miles of new blood vessels.

2. Muscle tissue is three times more efficient at burning calories than fat.

3. You are taller in the morning than in the evening.

4. Your stomach manufactures a new lining every three days to avoid digesting itself.

5. Your body produces enough heat in only thirty minutes to boil a half-gallon of water.

6. Human bone is as strong as granite, relative to supporting resistance.

7. Your skin is an organ.

8. By the age of eighteen your brain stops growing.

9. There are more than 600 individual skeletal muscles and 206 bones in your body.

10. You need to consume a quart of water each day for four months to equate to the amount of blood your heart pumps in one hour.


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Fun Facts About Dog

1- First they can see in the dark

2- The Great Dane is the national dog in Germany

3- The chihuahua is the smallest breed in the world

4- Monks used Lhasa apso as a guard dog in temples

5- The dog was one of the first animals domesticated by humans


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Amazing Facts About Bermuda Triangles

1 - Planes And Ships Have Disappeared In Bermuda Triangle.

2 - Over 8,000 Peoples Have Disappeared In The Bermuda Triangle.

3 - Instruments Such As Compass In The Bermuda Triangle.

4 - There Has Also Been Strange Yellow Fog In Seen In That  Area.


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Cats Are Amazing

Do You Know...??

Cats Can Make About 100 Different Sounds.

Dogs Makes Only About 10


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Lots of Nutritional Bang for Little Buck

Eggs contain a high dose of protein (help you build muscle) and healthy fats (help you feel full and satisfied) at little caloric cost. You will also benefit from antioxidants that fight cancer and reduce the effects of aging.


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Sliced Onions Poisonous? An Urban Myth!

So you've sliced an onion but only used half and want to store it in the fridge for later, but you've always heard that cut onions are bacteria traps that can become highly poisonous after just one night, developing a toxic bacteria that could cause a stomach infection or even food poisoning. Wrong! According to McGill University's Office of Science & Society (motto: "Separating Science From Nonsense"), this is an urban myth that needs to be dispelled. Onions, notes McGill, "are not especially prone to bacterial contamination."


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Taj Mahal

Construction Of Taj Mahal Started In Year 1631 And It Took 22 Years To Build This Historical Monument


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World's Most Expensive Camera

The most expensive camera on the planet was a 1923 Leica O-Series camera after it was sold for approximately $2.79 million at a WestLicht auction.


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10 Hollywood Celebs Facts You Probably Dont Know

1-Chris Kirkpatrick was the founding member of N Sync... after he did Not Make The cut for the Backstreet Boys

2-Mathew McConaughey gets so turned on by food that sometimes he has to stop eating because the feeling is so overwhelming

3-Leonardo DiCaprio turned down the role of Max Dennison in Hocus Pocus

4-Rebel wilson became an actress after she contacted malaria. while being treated for the disease, she hallucinated that she was a famous actress winning an Oscar, which inspired her to pursue the career

5-Taylor swift first job was to knock praying mantises out of Christmas Trees

6-Kesha Has an IQ of 140 and scored a 1500(out of 1600 on her SAT's

7-Jennifer Lawrence starred in a "My Super Sweet 16" Commercial. She earned her SAG card From It

8-Bruno mars Real Name Is Peter Gene Hernandez

9-Harry Styles has Two Extra Nipples

10-Brad Pitt First job was a Chicken mascot for a fast food restaurant



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One million Earths can fit inside the Sun

Ancient astronomers once believed the Earth was at the centre of the Universe but now we know that the Sun is at the centre of our Solar System and our planets orbit the Sun. The Sun makes up 99.8% of the entire mass of the whole Solar System. One million Earths would be needed to be the same size as the Sun.


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Facts About Human Hands

Contrary to popular misconceptions, humans are not the only animals to possess opposable thumbs — most primates do. (Unlike the rest of the great apes, we don't have opposable big toes on our feet.) What makes humans unique is how we can bring our thumbs all the way across the hand to our ring and little fingers. We can also flex the ring and little fingers toward the base of our thumb. This gives humans a powerful grip and exceptional dexterity to hold and manipulate tools with.


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The Harry Potter Facts

Over The Course Of The Harry Potter Movie,

6 Actors Have Played The Role Of Lord Voldemort


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Do You Know These Facts About Kissing

1. Your Kissing Style Originates in the Womb

2. Kissing Takes Serious Muscle Power

3. There's Such a Thing as a Kissing Career

4. The Longest Kiss on Record Lasted More Than 58 Hours

5. Kissing Saves Lives



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The Oldest Condoms

The oldest condoms ever found date back to the 1640s (they were found in a cesspit at Dudley Castle), and were made from animal and fish intestines.


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Sperm Live For Days

According to a study published in Biology of Reproduction (1984), sperm can live for up to 5 days inside of a woman, under the right conditions. More commonly though, sperm live about 2 days, so be realistic in timing if you are trying to conceive!


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You Can't Cry

 You Can't Cry On Space Because Your Tears Wont Ever Fall


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The Sun

 The Is The Closest Thing To Perfect Sphere That Has Been Observed In Nature


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Baby Octopus

 Did You Know ???

A Baby Octopus Can Be As Small As Your Finger Tip


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Three Most Common Lies

 The Three Most Common Lies In The World Are:-

1- I Have Read And Agree To The Terms And Service

2-Status Offline

3-Yes, I Am Over 18


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Venom Of Cobra

 The Venom Of King Cobra Is Strong Enough To Kill An Elephant


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 There Are 30 Millions Accounts On Facebook Of People Who Have Already Dead


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 Hugging For 20 Seconds Release OXYTOCIN

Which Can Make Someone Trust You More


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Facts About Ants

There Are As Many As One Million Ants

For Every Human Being On This Earth 


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Amazing Facts About Earth

Earth is the third planet from the Sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets. The Earth is the only planet in our solar system not to be named after a Greek or Roman deity. The Earth was formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago and is the only known planet to support life.

Planet Profile

Mass: 5,972,190,000,000,000 billion kg

Equatorial Diameter: 12,756 km

Polar Diameter: 12,714 km

Equatorial Circumference: 40,030 km

Known Moons: 1

Notable Moons: The Moon

Orbit Distance: 149,598,262 km (1 AU)

Orbit Period: 365.26 Earth days

Surface Temperature: -88 to 58°C

Facts About The Earth

The Earth’s rotation is gradually slowing:

This deceleration is happening almost imperceptibly, at approximately 17 milliseconds per hundred years, although the rate at which it occurs is not perfectly uniform. This has the effect of lengthening our days, but it happens so slowly that it could be as much as 140 million years before the length of a day will have increased to 25 hours.


The Earth was once believed to be the centre of the universe:

Due to the apparent movements of the Sun and planets in relation to their viewpoint, ancient scientists insisted that the Earth remained static, whilst other celestial bodies travelled in circular orbits around it. Eventually, the view that the Sun was at the centre of the universe was postulated by Copernicus, though this is also not the case.


Earth has a powerful magnetic field:

This phenomenon is caused by the nickel-iron core of the planet, coupled with its rapid rotation. This field protects the Earth from the effects of solar wind.


There is only one natural satellite of the planet Earth:

As a percentage of the size of the body it orbits, the Moon is the largest satellite of any planet in our solar system. In real terms, however, it is only the fifth largest natural satellite.


Earth is the only planet not named after a god:

The other seven planets in our solar system are all named after Roman gods or goddesses. Although only Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn were named during ancient times, because they were visible to the naked eye, the Roman method of naming planets was retained after the discovery of Uranus and Neptune.


Of all the planets in our solar system, the Earth has the greatest density:

This varies according to the part of the planet; for example, the metallic core is denser than the crust. The average density of the Earth is approximately 5.52 grams per cubic centimetre.


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Spider Bite

 There Is Spider In Brazil Whose Bite Can Cause An Erection That Lasts For Four Hours


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Tounge Prints

 Tounge Prints,Like Thumb Prints,"All Unique"


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Chinese Water Deer

 A New Born Chinese Water Deer

Is So Small It Can (Almost) Be Held In The Palm Of Hand


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 Every Year More Than 1000 Peoples Died From An Allergic Reaction To The Deodorant


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 If You Mouth The Word "Colourful" To Someone,

It Looks Like You Are Saying " I Love You " To Someone


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Atomic Bomb

 Continue Farting For Six Years And Nine Months Would Create Energy Equal To That Of An "Atomic Bomb"